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jeudi - août 13, 2020

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USA: The Machiavellian Destabilization Plan of Venezuela unveiled Internationale

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Since 2014, the government of the United States has been implementing a set of unilateral coercive measures against the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, in clear violation of the Charter of the United Nations and those internationally accepted human rights norms and principles.

In March 2015, Venezuela was classified as a threat to the national security of the United States, through the Executive Order 13692, without presenting any evidence that makes credible that Venezuela, a South American country of 30 million inhabitants and with no history of invasions, is capable of threatening a military and economic power like the United States.

From the issue that Executive Order to the present day, under the condition of a threatened country and the target of multiple aggressions, these sanctions have created a severe economic, financial and commercial blockade, deteriorating the access to food and medicines by the Venezuelan population as a whole, as part of a White House-led regime change strategy.

In the last three years, the government of the United States has applied punitive sanctions to Venezuela, among them, are the embargo of its oil exports, 95% of the nation's income, the illegal confiscation of its gold reserves in the Bank of England and the prohibition of the use of bank accounts to import medicines.

The sense of this aggression was to undermine the Venezuelan government's model of social assistance, which in 2017, according to the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) calculations, gave the country a high rating in its human development index, in terms of improving life expectancy, generalized literacy and the full enjoyment of the economic and social rights of its population.

Seen from this point of view, the unleashing of unilateral coercive measures against Venezuela, clearly aims at a forced dismantling of the Venezuelan political-social model, inaugurated with the 1999 Constitution and the presidential triumph of Hugo Chávez, focused on the equitable distribution of the country's income to improve population lives and meet their needs.

Therefore, the punitive measures of the White House represent an aggression against the social protection programs of the Venezuelan State. This implies a violation of the UN Charter, which declares illegal the use of force - by the economic blockade - by one State against another State.

Through an Executive Order issued in January 2019, the President of the United States of America, Donald Trump, froze the assets and interests of the Venezuelan state-owned company Petróleos de Venezuela SA (PDVSA) that are under the jurisdiction of that country, prohibiting operations with this company and its main subsidiary, CITGO Petroleum Corporation.

This measure of coercion, combined with Executive Orders 13808 of August 24, 2017, Executive Order 13827 of March 19, 2018, Executive Order 13835 of May 21, 2018 and Executive Order 13850 of November 1, 2018, not only has greatly restricted Venezuela's income, but has also hampered payments within the international financial system, necessary for the Venezuelan State in order to manage the social protection of the Venezuelan population in terms of health and nutrition.

In the history of US interventions, it is a constant that the target country, before undergoing regime change, is first undermined its internal order, its economy is dismantled and it is drowned by punitive measures against the civilian population as a whole.

In January 2018, a "State Department Official" anonymously offered a videoconference where he expressed the objectives of the economic blockade against Venezuela: "The pressure campaign is working, and the financial sanctions that we have imposed on the Venezuelan Government have forced it to begin to fall into default, both in sovereign debt and in PDVSA, its oil company, and what we are seeing (...) is a total economic collapse in Venezuela, so our policy works, our strategy works (...) ".

The government of the United States has implemented measures that have caused suffering to the Venezuelan population. They seek to dismantle the social improvement of the first decade of the 21st century, since they try to break the legitime Government with the use of force the right to peace and development that the Venezuelan nation has. This represents a frontal attack on the model of equity and social justice implemented by the Venezuelan government from its earliest stages, bringing with it a reference model of social attention for the world.

According to the United Nations independent expert, Alfred De Zayas, in a report published before the UN Human Rights Council in September 2018, the "effects of Obama's and Trump's sanctions, such as unilateral measures on the part of Canada and the European Union have directly and indirectly aggravated the shortage of medicines such as insulin and antiretroviral, which has caused delays in their distribution and has aggravated numerous cases of death".

For De Zayas, the consequences of these measures could be considered "crimes against humanity"

As a direct consequence of these Executive Orders, PDVSA has been unable to continue executing its humanitarian assistance programs for health reasons in cases of special complexity.

These programs benefit hundreds of patients undergoing treatment at health centers abroad and more than 500,000 patients nationwide, with pathologies such as HIV, cancer, Parkinson's syndrome and epilepsy, as well as financing for surgeries and treatments associated with Transplants of pancreas, liver and bone marrow.

In particular, the use of the economic blockade as an instrument of war places the lives of Venezuelans who have traveled abroad, with the support of PDVSA's programs, in serious risk to receive specialized medical treatment, including 25 patients -mostly of them children - who are currently being treated in the Italian Republic awaiting bone marrow transplantation.

From Fundalatin, a foundation with Special Consultative Status in the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations, we have contacted one of the mothers benefited from the Bone Marrow Transplant program that PDVSA is financing. The patient was evaluated and taken to Italy two years ago and is currently hospitalized and has a consequence of the transplant and a chronic hepatitis C from blood contaminated in a transfusion, both conditions that presently can lead to death if not continue treatment in Italy with the specialists who are attending it. The transplant was performed last year. They have 3 months receiving food from Cáritas because they do not have how to buy food. They give them a donation box.

These patients are beneficiaries of the cooperation agreement signed between PDVSA and the Association for the Bone Marrow Transplant of Italy, through which the Venezuelan State assumes the necessary costs for the payment of treatments, medical services and maintenance during their stay abroad.

For this vulnerable population that requires a bone marrow transplant to save their life.

To date, the coercive measures adopted by the government of the United States against Venezuela have prevented PDVSA from transferring the amount of € 4,851,252 necessary to ensure medical attention and enjoyment of human rights to the beneficiaries and beneficiaries of this program humanitarian.

On three occasions the financial system has refused to process the payment orders issued by PDVSA in favor of the Association for Bone Marrow Transplantation, due to the inhuman actions imposed by the supremacist elite that govern the United States of America.

In this regard, it is pertinent to recall that the General Assembly of the UN, the Human Rights Council, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, among other relevant bodies, have condemned the imposition of unilateral coercive measures, especially taking into account the negative impact that they generate on the enjoyment of the human rights of the persons subject to the jurisdiction of the countries that are receiving said measures.

This case exposes the cruelty of the unilateral coercive measures and their destructive orientation against the Venezuelan population. Given this, it is an urgent need to protect the international legality and human rights of the Venezuelan people against these illegal actions of the government of the United States of America, in direct disregard of international law and peaceful coexistence among nations.

These actions of strength in the economic-financial sphere that threaten the health of a whole country, and specifically against the lives of 25 children, testify to the negative effect of the unilateral coercive measures applied.

The seriousness of this crisis situation induced by the economic blockade, leads us to declare ourselves in a permanent campaign to demand the end of the economic blockade against Venezuela, together with their brothers, brothers, friends and friends from all corners of the planet.

That the lives of 25 children are in danger is a frightening and worrisome situation, a terrible reflection of the negative impacts of the pressure and regime change measures applied by the United States government.